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About escavos

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  1. When a computer is turned on, it goes through what is called a POST (power-on self test) routine. This is a short diagnostic procedure incorporated into the boot sequence by the BIOS manufacture for troubleshooting purposes. Many times when there is an error in your boot sequence you will receive an on-screen error message. This error was printed by the video card. But, in some cases, the error is detected early in the boot process and the error cannot be received by the video card. The problem may even be caused by the video card or the monitor. This is why the need for beep codes came to be. AMI (American Megatrends') BIOS one short = DRAM refresh failure (Problem with memory) two short = Parity circuit failure three short = Base 64K RAM failure four short = System Timer failure five short = Processor failure six short = Keyboard Controller / Gate A20 failure seven short = Virtual Mode Exception error eight short = Display Memory Read/Write failure (fault with video card) nine short = ROM BIOS Checksum error (fault with BIOS chip) ten short = CMOS Shutdown Read/Write error eleven short = Cache memory one long = Passed (no errors) one long, two short = Video failure one long, three short = Base / Extended Memory failure one long, eight short = Display / Retrace Test failure ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- AST Research BIOS one short = Low level processor verification test failed (POST 1) two short = Clearing keyboard controller buffers failed (POST 2) three short = Keyboard controller reset failed (POST 3) four short = Low level keyboard controller interface test (POST 4) five short = Reading data from keyboard controller failed (POST 5) six short = System board support chip initialization failed (POST 6) seven short = Processor register read/write verify test failed (POST 7) eight short = CMOS timer initialization failed (POST 8) nine short = ROM BIOS checksum test failed (POST 9) ten short = Initialize primary video (POST 10) eleven short = 8254 timer channel 0 test failed (POST 11) twelve short = 8254 timer channel 1 test failed (POST 12) thirteen short = 8254 timer channel 2 test failed (POST 13) fourteen short = CMOS power-on and time test failed (POST 14) fifteen short = CMOS shutdown byte test failed (POST 15) one long = DMA channel 0 test failed (POST 16) one long, one short = DMA channel 1 test failed (POST 17) one long, two short = DMA page register test failed (POST 18) one long, three short = Keyboard controller interface test failed (POST 19) one long, four short = Memory refresh toggle test failed (POST 20) one long, five short = First 64 KB memory test failed (POST 21) one long, six short = Setup interrupt vector table failed (POST 22) one long, seven short = Video initialization failed (POST 23) one long, eight short = Video memory test failed (POST 24) ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Award BIOS one short = Passed (no errors) two short = Any non-fatal error one long, two short = Video failure one long, three short = Keyboard Controller failure (applies to 286, 386 and 486) ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- IBM BIOS none = Power Supply or System Board failure (possible short) one short = Passed (no errors) one short = (blank screen) Video error (check cable) one short = (no boot) Floppy Drive error two short = Configuration Error (displayed on screen) repeating short = Power Supply or System Board failure continuous = Power Supply or System Board / Keyboard stuck one long, one short = System Board failure one long, two short = Video (Mono/CGA) failure (check cable) one long, three short = Video (EGA) failure (check cable) three long = Keyboard Card error ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Mylex BIOS one = Normal boot two = Video adapter error three = Keyboard controller error four = Keyboard error five = PIC 0 error six = PIC 1 error seven = DMA page register error eight = RAM refresh error nine = RAM data error ten = RAM parity error eleven = DMA controller 0 error twelve = CMOS RAM error thirteen = DMA controller 1 error fourteen = CMOS RAM battery error fifteen = CMOS RAM checksum error sixteen = BIOS ROM checksum error ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Mylex 386 BIOS one long = Normal boot two long = Video adapter error one long, one short, one long = Keyboard controller error one long, two short, one long = Keyboard error one long, three short, one long = PIC 0 error one long four short, one long = PIC 1 error one long, five short, one long = DMA page register error one long, six short, one long = RAM refresh error one long, seven short, one long = RAM data error one long, eight short, one long = RAM parity error one long, nine short, one long = DMA controller 0 error one long, ten short, one long = CMOS RAM error one long, eleven short, one long = DMA controller 1 error one long, twelve short, one long = CMOS RAM battery error one long, thirteen short, one long = CMOS RAM checksum error one long fourteen short, one long = BIOS ROM checksum error ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Phoenix BIOS one, one, three = CMOS Read/Write one, one, four = ROM BIOS Checksum failure one, two, one = Programmable Interval Timer failure one, two, two = DMA Initialisation failure one, two, three = DMA Page Register Read/Write failure one, three, one = RAM Refresh Verification error one, three, three = First 64K RAM Chip/Data Line failure one, three, four = First 64K RAM Odd/Even Logic one, four, one = First 64K RAM: Address Line one, four, two = First 64K RAM: Parity failure one, four, three = Fail-Safe Timer Feature (EISA only) one, four, four = Software NMI Port failure (EISA only) two (followed by various combinations) = First 64K RAM Chip/Data Line failure (combinations indicate which bit) three, one, one = Slave DMA Register failure three, one, two = Master DMA Register failure three, one, three = Master Interrupt Mask Register failure three, one, four = Slave Interrupt Mask Register failure three, two, four = Keyboard Controller failure three, three, four = Display Memory failure three, four, one = Display Retrace failure three, four, two = Video ROM search proceeding four, two, one = Timer Tick failure four, two, two = Shutdown failure four, two, three = Gate A20 failure four, two, four = Unexpected Interrupt in Protected Mode four, three, one = RAM test above 64K failure four, three, two/three = Programmable Interval Timer, Channel 2 failure four, three, four =Realtime Clock failure four, four, one = Serial Port error four, four, two = Parallel Port error four, four, three = Math Co-processor failure (tone) one, one, two = System Board Select (tone) one, one, three = Extender CMOS RAM Thanks kat Encik Pinggan
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